The vessel itself is a pioneering model of autonomous underwater vehicle that can travel under ice and reach depths of more than 3.7 miles.
The supremely silly name "Boaty McBoatface" ran away with the vote, but cooler minds chose to name the vessel "RRS Sir David Attenborough" after the popular naturalist and television presenter. The information that it collects will help scientists to better understand how the ocean is being impacted by global warming.
A huge majority backed a campaign for the name Boaty McBoatface - but officials rejected the victor and instead chose to name the ship after naturalist and broadcaster Sir David Attenborough.More news: Villanova Wins The Big East Championship Over Creighton
"The one that will initiate the "adventures of Boaty" will head out of Punta Arenas, Chile, on Friday aboard Britain's current polar ship, the RRS James Clark Ross".
Instead, the Boaty name was bestowed on a trio of unmanned submarines as a sort of consolation prize for the public. Shifting winds off Antarctica may increase such turbulence, the university said, sucking in heat from shallower ocean layers and sending it toward the Equator to affect climate change.
The lead scientist Prof Alberto Naveira Garabato, from the University of Southampton, said: "The Orkney Passage is a key choke-point to the flow of abyssal waters in which we expect the mechanism linking changing winds to abyssal water warming to operate".
Antarctic Bottom Water is cold and dense, and its movement contributes to ocean circulation worldwide, the BAS writes.
But Boaty McBoatface is already on the job. A future aim for Boaty will be to attempt the first-ever crossing of the Arctic Ocean under ice, which has the potential to deliver a significant change in scientists' ability to observe change in this vital region. "And so, at the NERC National Oceanography Centre, Autosub Long Range Boaty McBoatface was born".